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Diseases caused by microbes


Actual meaning of the Virus is poison. In 1796 the scientist Jenner at first detect Pox, a virus effected disease.

Ex: Plant Virus (TMV, PMV etc.), Animal Virus, Bacteria Virus etc.

Salient features of Virus

Virus is called as intermediate between living and non-living. Virus is acellular type. Virus is a very small organism that can pass from the small hole of a microfilter. Virus can infect animal, human beings, plants, bacteria etc. Virus can spread in to a cell through its replication technique. Virus can be made of either DNA or RNA.

Viral Diseases

Small poxVariolla virus
Chicken poxVaricella virus(Nectophrynoides)
PolioEntero virus
MumpsParamyxo virus
MeaselsParamyxo virus
RabisRhabdo virus
InfluenzaOrthmyxo virus


In 1676 Scientist A. Van Leeuwenhoek, of Holland at first detect the Bacteria. Bacteria are mainly of two types Gram Positive Bacteria and Gram Negative Bacteria.

Ex: Harmful Bacteria (Salmonella Typhosa, Vibrio Cholerae, Pasteurella Pestis etc.), Beneficial Bacteria (Azotobactor, Lactobacillus Trichodes, Escherichia coli, Trichoderma Kongi, Clostridium Butricum, Bacillus Subtilis etc.).

Salient features of Bacteria

Bacteria are Prokaryotic type and simple in nature. Most of the Bacteria are Chlorophyll less. Bacteria are cellular type. Bacteria are made of both DNA and RNA. Bacteria can survive in water, land, body of plant and creatures even in the environment without O2.

Bacterial Diseases

TyphoidSalmonella Typhi/typhosa
CholeraVibrio Cholarae
PheumoniaDiplococcus Pnenumoniae
TuberculosisMycrobacterium tuberculosis
diptheriaCorrymbacterium diptherae
TetanusClostridium tetani
PlaguePasteurella pestis
LeprosyMycobacterium leprac
Whooping coughBordetella purtusls
GonorrhoeaNeisseria gonorrhoeal
MeningitisNeisseria meningitis
Bacillary dysenterySchigella sp.
Boil and woundStaphylococcus auraus
Rheumatic feverStreptococcus sp.
Food toxicuationColostridium botulinum

Protozoa and its Salient features

Protozoa is eukaryotic (Single-celled) type. Protozoa is acellular type organisms. Protozoa is a part of the living creatures. Protozoa can be large as 1 mm. Protozoa is easily seen by microscope.

Ex: Plasmodium Vivax, Entamoeba Histolytica etc.

Protozoan Diseases

Benign tertian malariaPlasmodium vivax
Malignant tarsian malariaPlasmodium falciparnum
Ovale malariaPlasmodium ovale
Quartan malariaPlasmodium malariae
Kala-azarLeishmania dovovany
Sleeping sicknessTrypanosoma gambiense
GiardiasisGiardia intestinalis
Amoebic dysenteryEntamoeba histolytica
PyorrhoeaTrychomonas tusox
Inflammation of vaginaTrychomonas vaginalis

Fungi and its Salient features

Fungi are eukaryotic (Single-celled) type. Fungi are Chlorophyll less. Fungi's cells have cell walls. Fungi are used to made antibiotic medicines (Penicillin). Some beneficial fungiís are used for industrial purpose to prepare food (Jam, Jelly, Cakes, and Bread).

Fungus Diseases

AspergillosisAspergillus fumigatus
Athelets foot diseasesTaenia pedis
Otomycosis of earAspergillus sp
Dermotomycosis of ear,mouth and tongueCandida albicans
Dermatomycosis of beard and hairTrycoplytor verrucosum

Some other Warmy and Inheritable Diseases

Warmy Diseases

TaeniasisTaenia solium
AscoriasisAscaris lumbricoides
FilariasisMicrofilosia banchrofti or wuchereria bancrofti
AncylostomiasisAncylostoma duodenale

Inheritable Diseases

Sickle cell anaemia
Phenyl ketonuria
Congenital deafness