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Generation of computer




About computer generation

After the World War II, as the development of computer devices is getting popular, the computer generation also getting started with the development of various computing devices. At that time there was only one aim; that is to create most elevated system within a cheapest rate, which can work faster with bigger storage space and will be as small as possible. With this aim the computer generation getting started one by one.

First generation (1951-1959):

In 1951 with the development of UNIVAC-I the first generation was getting started. At this time the computer system follows those properties;

Example:

Example: UNIVAC-I, IBM 650 etc.

Second generation (1959-1965):

In 1948 the scientist of bell telephone laboratories invents transistor. At this generation the computer system follows these properties.

Example:

Example: IBM 1400, IBM 7000, Honeywell 2000, General electric 635 etc.

Third generation (1965-1971):

At this era IC (Integrated circuit) used in the system and Hardware getting much better at this generation. The computer system follows those properties;

Example:

Example: IBM 360.

Fourth generation (1971-till today):

LSIC (large Scale Integrated circuit) and VLSIC (Very large Scale Integrated circuit) brings an important change into the hardware and software systems of fourth generation computer. Here a small LSIC chip can perform the task of many transistors. The properties of fourth generation computer are;

Fifth generation:

This generation not yet started. Scientists are thinking of making an integrated environment with computer system and Artificial Intelligence.