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States and capitals of India




Andhra Pradesh

Area: 276,754 sq.kms.
Population: 75,727,541
Literacy: 61.11%
Languages: Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, English
Capital: Hyderabad
Districts: 23
Other Cities: Guntur, Vijayawada, Kurnool, Vishakhapatnam, Tirupati, Vijayawada, Vishakhapatnam, Rajamundry.
Places to visit: Beaches-Maipadu, Vadarevu, Vishakhapatnam.
Wildlife-Eturnagram, Hyderabad, Kawal, Kolleru(bird sanctuary), Pakhal(fishing), Nagarjuna Sagar.
Temples,Forts and Monuments-Amaravati Bhadrachalam, Hyderabad, Golconda Lepakshi, Nagarjunakonda, Rajamundhry, Tirupati, Udaygiri and Warangal.


Arunachal Pradesh

Area: 84,000 sq.kms.
Population: 1,09,117
Languages: Tribal
Capital: Itanagar
Districts: 11
Places to visit: Temples and Monuments-Tawang, Along, Bomdila, Itanagar, Parasuram, Kund and Vijayanagar.
Best Scenic beauty-Tawang, Along, Bomdila and Pashighat.


Assam

Area: 78,438 sq.kms.
Population: 26,638,407
Literacy: 64.28%
Languages: Assamese(local) Hindi, English
Capital: Dispur
Districts: 24
Other Cities: Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tinsukia,Tezpur.
Places to visit: Wildlife-Goalpara, Kaziranga(Famous for one-horned rhinos), Manas, Orang, Sonai-Rupa.
Temples and Monuments-Barpeta,Guwahati, Hajo, Sibsagar and Silchar.
Teaplan-tations-jorhat(Tea centre), Kaziranga, Tezpur.


Bihar

Area: 94,163 sq.kms.
Population: 67,931,000
Literacy: 38.54%
Languages: Maithili,Hindi
Capital: Patna
Other Cities: Barauni, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Darbhanga, Rajgir, Vaishali, Muzaffarpur.
Places to visit: Industrial centres-Barauni, Dehri-on-sone.
Temples and Monuments-Bodh Gaya(Gautam Buddha attained enlightenment under a peepal tree), Buxar, Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir, Patna, Vaishali.


Chattisgarh

Area: 1,35,133 sq.kms
Population: 17,314,000
Literacy: 43.45%
Languages: Hindi.
Capital: Raipur.
Roads: 64,355 kms.
Railways: 1,768 kms.
Places to visit: Bastar, Bhilai, Bhoramdeo, Chitrakot, Raipur.


Delhi

Area: 1,485 sq.kms.
Population: 13,782,976
Literacy: 81.82%
Languages: Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, English.
Places to visit: Purana Quila, Red Fort, Humayun's Tomb, Quotab Minar, India Gate, Lotus Temple, Raj Ghat.


Goa

Area: 3,702 sq.kms.
Population(1991): 1,169,793
Literacy: 76.96%
Languages: Konkani, Marathi, Portugueste.
Capital: Panaji.
Districts: 2
Places to visit: Beaches-Betul, Palolem, Benaulim, Colva, Aguada, Calanguta, Dona Paula, Gaspar, Dias, Siridao, Vagator, Bogmalo.
Historic and religious sights-Bicholim, harvale, Madgaon, Panaji, Mapuca, Velha, Ponda, Sirigao.


Gujarat

Area: 196,024 sq.kms.
Population: 41,309,582
Literacy: 60.91%
Languages: Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi, Sindhi.
Capital: Gandhinagar.
Districts: 19
Other Cities: Vadodra, Surat, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Rajkot, Ahmedabad.
Places to visit: Industrial centres-Ahmedabad(Textile), Bhuj(Handicrafts), Surat and Anand(Model diary project).
Temples and Monument-Ahmedabad,Bhavnagar Bhuj Dawarka, Jamunagar, Junagadh, Lothal(Harappan excavations).
Porbandar(Gandhiji's birthplace) and Somnath.
Wildlife-Gir Forest(Asiatic Lions),Nal Sarovar(Bird sanctuary).
Beaches-Porbandar, Veraval, Dwarka and Somnath.


Haryana

Area: 44,212 sq.kms.
Population: 21,082,989
Literacy: 68.59%
Languages: Hindi,Punjabi,Haryanvi
Capital: Chandigarh
Districts: 17
Other Cities: Faridabad, Ambala, Hisar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Rohtak.
Places to visit: Industrial centres-Faridabad and Guragon.
Historical Sights-Bhiwani, Hansi, Jind, Panipat, Surajkund.
Wildlife-Sultanpur(Bird sanctuary), Kalesar.
Special sights at Sohna-Sulphur springs and spa.

Himachal Pradesh

Area: 55,673 sq.kms.
Population: 6,077,248
Literacy: 77.13%
Languages: Pahari, Hindi, English.
Capital: Shimla.
Other Cities: Kulu, Kangra.
Places to visit: Holiday centres-Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Chail, Dalhousie, Dharamsala, Kasauli, Parwanoo, Mandi(river side), Solan.
Temples and Pilgrim centres-Chamba, Kangra, Bharmour, Dharamsala, Trilokit Nath(Buddhist Pilgrim centre), Mandi, Paonto Sahib(Sikh pilgrim centre).
Skiing and other sports-Kufri, Kulu, Mashobra(Hiking),Chail(Highest cricket field).
Hot Springs-Manikaran, Bashishta,Taptapani.


Indian States and capital, area, languages at a glace

StatesArea at Km2CapitalLanguages
Jammu & Kashmir 222263 Srinagar & JammuUrdu, Kashmiri, Dogri, Balti, Gujri, Dadri
Sikkim 7096 GangtokBhutia,Lepcha,Limbu, Nepali
Arunachal pradesh 83743 ItanagarMonpa, Mizi, Aka, Khamti, Tangasa
Bihar 94163 PatnaHindi
Chattrishgarh 135191 RaipurHindi
Goa 3702 PanajiMarathi, Konkoni
Assam 78438 DispurAsomia
West bengal 88752 kolkataBangla/Bengali
Andhrapradesh 275045 HydrabadTelegu, Urdu
Tripura 10492 AgartalaKokborak, Bangla
Punjab 50362 ChandigarhPunjabi
Haryana 44212 ChandigarhHindi
Rajasthan 342239 JaipurHindi, Rajashthani
Himachal Pradesh 55673 ShimlaHindi, Pahari
Gujrat 196024 GandhinagarGujrati, Hindi
Jharkhand 79714 RanchiHindi
Madhyapradesh 308000 BhopalHindi
Karnataka 191791 BangaloreKannar
Kerala 38863 TiruvantapuramMalayalam
Maharashtra 307713 MumbaiMarathi, Hindi
Meghalaya 22429 ShilongGaro, Khasi, English
Mijoram 21081 IjolMijo, English
Manipur 22327 ImphalManipuri
Nagaland 16579 KohimaEnglish, Angomi, Otti, Chang, Sema, Lodha
Uttaranchal 55483 DeradunHindi
Odisha 155707 BhubaneswarOriya
Tamil Nadu 130058 ChennaiTamil
Uttarpradesh 238566 LuckhnowHindi, Urdu

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